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What’s the difference between THC and CBD?

thc and cbd

Recent researches have found that almost 65% of cannabis users consume it for recreational purposes. This might be why the majority of cannabis products are THC-rich. Still, just a couple of years ago, CBD got very popular due to the several beneficial properties it offers. Since then, people have learned that THC is responsible for the psychoactive effects while CBD offers multiple medical properties such as pain management and helping with insomnia. If you still haven’t learned about THC and CBD, read along for all you need to know about these cannabinoids.

What Is THC?

Tetrahydrocannabinol (aka THC) is a chemical compound produced by cannabis plants in trichomes and is responsible for the psychoactive effects cannabis plants offer. This cannabinoid activates the CB1 receptors scattered throughout the brain and central nervous system. Because of their location, consuming THC can affect their function, resulting in poor coordination, altered time perception, slow thinking, and short-term memory loss, among other effects. 

The Effects Of THC On The Body

As said above, THC activates CB1 receptors, which stimulate cells in the brain, releasing dopamine. Dopamine creates a euphoric and uplifting effect which is why we smoke cannabis, but sometimes, the effect is not so pleasant.

Due to affecting cannabinoid receptors in the brain, THC affects how our hippocampus processes information, causing the loss of short-term memory, panic attacks, and in some cases, tachycardia and hallucinations.

THC affects our brain differently than CBD
THC and its effect on the body

This doesn’t mean cannabis is terrible. But you should be cautious if you’re not an avid consumer. These psychoactive effects (the good and bad effects) usually start 3 – 5 minutes after consuming cannabis and can last up to 3-4 hours. So make sure you don’t consume too much at a time.

Medcical Benefits Of THC

Despite being more related to recreational users, THC is vastly used by medical consumers but in capsules and oils, mainly used to prevent vomiting and nausea caused by cancer treatment. Also, recent studies have shown that, when used correctly, THC can improve long-term memory. This cannabinoid offers far more benefits, some we don’t even know yet, but THC also presents serious risks for some.

Risks

Consuming cannabis at an early age can have long-term consequences, they are:

  • Decrease in IQ
  • Short-term memory loss and;
  • Mild cognitive impairment

Although there’s not enough research to confirm these allegations, a scientific study stated that consumers who start smoking cannabis at 14 are more likely to develop these symptoms. Other studies have shown that babies exposed to THC before birth or in the following months after being born are more likely to have difficulty learning. 

What Is CBD?

Cannabidiol (aka CBD) is a chemical compound produced by cannabis plants in trichomes. But unlike THC, it’s responsible for the medical effect cannabis plants offer. This cannabinoid activates the CB2 receptors scattered throughout the peripheral nervous system. Due to their location, consuming CBD produces non-psychoactive effects such as relieving muscle pain, managing seizures, and treating anxiety. 

The Effects Of CBD On The Body

CBD activates CB2 receptors, which stimulate cells in your body (peripheral nervous system), resulting in extreme relaxation.

The affects of CBD on the body
The effects of CBD on the body

This relaxation is mainly a strong corporal effect. But it does not produce any psychoactive effects, so medical consumers mostly use it. Like anything else, CBD can also have harmful effects when consumed in excess, such as diarrhea, vomiting, or nausea.

Medical Benefits

CBD has at least a dozen benefits. And we will discover much more once research advances, but right now, the known benefits are:

  • Managing seizures and epilepsy;
  • Relieving inflammation and pain;
  • Treating anxiety and PTSD;
  • Helping with opioid withdrawal among several others.

In some cases, CBD can also treat appetite loss, insomnia, and nausea. Still, despite all the benefits, CBD gained popularity due to being an excellent help in managing a form of pediatric epilepsy called Dravet’s syndrome, which is resistant to standard treatment methods. CBD has no lethal dose or side effects. But it’s highly recommended you see a doctor first because CBD can present risks in some cases.

Risks

There isn’t enough research to truly understand the risks of consuming CBD, but researchers have studied CBD consumers and pinned down some of the potential risks, they are:

  • Liver Injury

Studies have shown that CBD can cause liver injury. And the only way to detect it is to have a blood test. So you must talk to your doctor before consuming CBD daily.

  • Interact With Other Medication

CBD can affect the efficacy of prescription medication, being highly likely that you have to take a higher dose if you’re consuming CBD simultaneously. Sometimes this interaction can cause harmful side effects, too, so never take CBD with other medication before knowing if it’s safe or not.

  • Affect Fertility

Some studies found that CBD can affect your sperm count and viability. So you must be aware of this and all the possible side effects before consuming cannabis. 

What’s The Difference Between CBD and THC?

So, what’s the difference between THC and CBD? Both THC and CBD are cannabinoids derived from cannabis, but the effects you experience are different. A good way of thinking about it is that THC provides a cerebral effect while CBD has a corporal effect, the most crucial being that CBD is non-psychoactive. 

The difference between THC and CBD
THC vs. CBD

This doesn’t mean CBD can’t get you high. Consuming large doses can make your whole body tingly and leave you clear-headed, but nothing compared to the effects of THC.

Recommended Strains

If you’ve never tried CBD before and reading this blog made you want to try it, we recommend our Dr. Hypno CBD. With up to 15% CBD and as little as 0.3% THC, it’s an excellent strain for first-time consumers and medical patients.

Or, if you prefer THC-rich strains, make sure to take a look at our Hypno Zkittlez. This strain offers up to 24 % THC, perfect for recreational consumers or those who want to try something a bit more potent from time to time.

Final Thoughts

The lack of research on cannabis limits our knowledge, but cannabis is gaining space in the medical research field thanks to legalization. Once scientists get their hands on concrete data that confirms the benefits cannabis offers, it will become even more popular than it is nowadays. Cannabis will make it easier for recreational consumers to access good-quality products. And medical patients will get the medicine they need. Unfortunately, scientific observation takes time, and scientists have recently begun to pay more attention and interest in cannabis. So it may still take longer until cannabis becomes widely available. The majority of researchers believe THC, CBD, and all other cannabinoids show promising results, so it’s no longer a matter of “yes” or “no” but “when.” Experts say that hopefully, it won’t take more than five years before cannabis is legally available worldwide, at least for those who genuinely need it.

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What’s the difference between THC and CBD?

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